tarfilter 3.2 KB
#!/usr/bin/env python3
# This script is in the public domain
# This script accepts a tarball on standard input and filters it according to
# the same rules used by dpkg --path-exclude and --path-include, using command
# line options of the same name. The result is then printed on standard output.
# A tool like this should be written in C but libarchive has issues:
# https://github.com/libarchive/libarchive/issues/587
# https://github.com/libarchive/libarchive/pull/1288/ (needs 3.4.1)
# Should these issues get fixed, then a good template is tarfilter.c in the
# examples directory of libarchive.
# We are not using Perl either, because Archive::Tar slurps the whole tarball
# into memory.
# We could also use Go but meh...
# https://stackoverflow.com/a/59542307/784669

import tarfile
import sys
import argparse
from fnmatch import fnmatch
import re

class FilterAction(argparse.Action):
    def __call__(self, parser, namespace, values, option_string=None):
        items = getattr(namespace, "filter", [])
        items.append((self.dest, values))
        setattr(namespace, "filter", items)

def main():
    parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description="filter a tarball")
        help="Exclude path matching the given shell pattern.",
        help="Re-include a pattern after a previous exclusion.",
    args = parser.parse_args()
    if not hasattr(args, "filter"):
        from shutil import copyfileobj

        copyfileobj(sys.stdin.buffer, sys.stdout.buffer)

    # same logic as in dpkg/src/filters.c/filter_should_skip()
    def filter_should_skip(member):
        skip = False
        if not args.filter:
            return False
        for (t, f) in args.filter:
            if fnmatch(member.name[1:], f):
                if t == "path_include":
                    skip = False
                    skip = True
        if skip and (member.isdir() or member.issym()):
            for (t, f) in args.filter:
                if t != "path_include":
                prefix = re.sub(r"^([^*?[\\]*).*", r"\1", f)
                prefix = prefix.rstrip("/")
                if member.name[1:].startswith(prefix):
                    if member.name == "./usr/share/doc/doc-debian":
                        print("foo", prefix, "bar", file=sys.stderr)
                    return False
        return skip

    # starting with Python 3.8, the default format became PAX_FORMAT, so this
    # is only for compatibility with older versions of Python 3
    with tarfile.open(fileobj=sys.stdin.buffer, mode="r|*") as in_tar, tarfile.open(
        fileobj=sys.stdout.buffer, mode="w|", format=tarfile.PAX_FORMAT
    ) as out_tar:
        for member in in_tar:
            if filter_should_skip(member):
            if member.isfile():
                with in_tar.extractfile(member) as file:
                    out_tar.addfile(member, file)

if __name__ == "__main__":